large island in the Malay Archipelago, southwest of the Philippines: the S portion ( Kalimantan) is a part of Indonesia; the N portion is composed of the Malaysian states of Sabah & Sarawak, and of Brunei: total area, c. 288,000 sq mi (745,917 sq km)
An island of the western Pacific Ocean in the Malay Archipelago between the Sulu and Java Seas southwest of the Philippines. It is the third-largest island in the world. The sultanate of Brunei is on the northwest coast; the rest of the island is divided between Indonesia and Malaysia.
Probably from Sanskrit वरुणद्वीप (varuṇa-dvīpa, “island of Varuna”).
- North Borneo is especially rich in species.
- Singapore is the political, commercial and administrative headquarters of the colony of the Straits Settlements, and the governor for the time being is ex officio high commissioner of the Federated Malay States, British North Borneo, Sarawak, the Cocos-Keeling and Christmas Islands, and governor of Labuan.
- The loftiest mountain in the archipelago would appear to be Kinabalu in Borneo (13,698 ft.).
- The British North Borneo Company published a Map of British North Borneo, on a scale of 1:633,600 (1905).
- The custom is vouched for by travellers as still observed in Borneo, Burma, Uganda and elsewhere, the animal chosen being a pig or a fowl.