Aesop's Fables are an example of an allegory.
The blindfolded figure with scales is an allegory of justice.
Origin of allegory
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
- From Middle English allegorie, from Old French allegorie, from Latin allegoria, from Ancient Greek ἀλληγορία (allēgoria), from ἄλλος (allos, “other”) + ἀγορεύω (agoreuō, “I speak”)