Affidavit meaning

ăf'ĭ-dā'vĭt
A written statement given voluntarily and sworn to before a person authorized to administer oaths.
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A voluntary and written ex parte statement of facts signed and the truth of its content affirmed or sworn to by the declarant before a notary public or another officer authorized to administer oaths. See also affirmation.
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The definition of affidavit is a legal term for an official written statement made under oath before a judge, notary public or other person with legal authority.

An example of an affidavit is a confession made and signed and used as evidence in trial.

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A written declaration made under oath before a notary public or other authorized officer.
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A sworn, written statement made in the presence of a notary public or a person who is authorized to administer an oath. Affidavits are used in legal proceedings and may be submitted in lieu of having a person appear in court.
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(law) A signed document wherein an affiant makes a sworn statement.

He submitted his affidavit rather than appearing to testify in court.

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Origin of affidavit

  • Medieval Latin affīdāvit from third person sing. perfect tense of affīdāre to pledge affiance
    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
  • From Medieval Latin affidavit (“he has sworn”), the third person singular perfect tense of affido (“swear”), from fīdō, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰidʰ-, zero-grade of Proto-Indo-European *bʰeydʰ- (“to command, to persuade, to trust”). Cognate to fidelity and faith (same Latin root), but not to affirm (shared Latin ad- prefix, but different Latin and Proto-Indo-European roots).
    From Wiktionary