Until recently the Arab traditions were practically the only source for the pre-Islamic history of Arabia.
This national party lent what weight it had to the pan-Islamic agitation which arose in the summer and autumn of 1905, regardless of the fact that a pan-Islamic triumph meant the re-assertion of direct Turkish rule in Egypt and the end of the liberty the Egyptians enjoyed.
But the Omayyads (with one exception) were not religious men and, while preserving the outward forms of Islam, allowed full liberty to the pre-Islamic customs of the Arabs and the beliefs and practices of Christians.
Similar modes of divination were practised, it would seem, among the pre-Islamic Arabs.
In April 1907, a few days after the appearance of his report for 1906, in which the Nationalist and pan-Islamic moveResigna- ments were shown to be detrimental to the welfare of ~Jon of Egypt, Lord Cromer resigned his post of British agent Lord and consul-general.