Origin of hideousMiddle English hidous from Anglo-French from Old French hidos from hide, hisde, fright
An extremely ugly outfit is an example of an outfit that would be described as hideous.
- Repulsive, especially to the sight; revolting. See Synonyms at ugly.
- Morally offensive; detestable: hideous acts of torture.
- Causing great harm or fear; terrible: a hideous disease.
Origin of hideousMiddle English variant of hidous from Anglo-Norman and Old French hideus, hisdeus probably from Old French hisde, hide horror, fright ( probably from alteration, with expressive initial h, of Frankish egisida fright ) ( from Germanic agisōn ) ( from agiz fear ) or perhaps from Vulgar Latin hispidōsus horripilating ( from Latin hispidus rough, shaggy, bristly ) ( probably akin to hirsūtus hairy, hirsute )
(comparative more hideous, superlative most hideous)
- Frightful; shocking; extremely ugly.
- A piteous and hideous spectacle." Thomas Babington Macaulay.
- Distressing or offensive to the ear; horrible.
- Hateful; shocking.
- Sure, you have some hideous matter to deliver. - William Shakespeare
- Nouns to which "hideous" is often applied: monster, creature, man, face, thing, crime, form, death, aspect, spectacle, picture, roar, sound, manner, way, disease, mistake, shape, dress, fact, act, smile.
From Middle English hidous, from Anglo-Norman hidous, from Old French hideus, hydus (“that which inspires terror”), from earlier hisdos, from hisda (“horror, fear”), of uncertain and disputed origin. Probably from Frankish *egisda, *egisida (“terror, fright”), from Proto-Germanic *agisiþō (“horror, terror”), from Proto-Germanic *agisōną (“to frighten, terrorise”), from Proto-Germanic *agaz (“terror, fear”), from Proto-Indo-European *aǵʰ-, *agʰ- (“to frighten”). Cognate with Old High German egisa, egidī (“horror”), Old English egesa (“fear, dread”), Gothic (agis, “fear, terror”).
Alternative etymology cites possbile derivation from Latin hispidosus (“rugged”), from hispidus (“rough, bristly”), yet the semantic evolution is less plausible.
- She looked up to find both hideous beasts staring at her, drooling.
- Hideous forms floated before him.
- The crusaders thereupon attacked Constantinople a second time (12th of April 1204), and after a desperate struggle captured the city, which they subjected to hideous carnage.
- When King Ferdinand felt himself securely re-established at Naples he determined to exterminate the Carbonari, and to this end his minister of police, the prince of Canosa, set up another secret society called the Calderai del Contrappeso (braziers of the counterpoise), recruited from the brigands and the dregs of the people, who committed hideous excesses against supposed Liberals, but failed to exterminate the movement.
- Comparatively, tattooing is not the hideous custom which it is called.