384-322 ; Gr. philosopher; pupil of Plato: noted for works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, politics, etc.
Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought. In his philosophical system, which led him to criticize what he saw as Plato's metaphysical excesses, theory follows empirical observation and logic, based on the syllogism, is the essential method of rational inquiry.
Greek philosopher and scientist who wrote about virtually every area of knowledge, including most of the sciences. Throughout his life he made careful observations, collected specimens, and summarized all the existing knowledge of the natural world. He pioneered the study of zoology, developing a classification system for all animals and making extensive taxonomic studies. His systematic approach later evolved into the basic scientific method in the Western world.
From Ancient Greek Ἀριστοτέλης (Aristotelēs).
- Aristotle held that the vas or active intelligence alone is immortal.
- Aristotle is much nearer a conception of evolution than his master Plato.
- Aristotle left no work on geography, so that it is impossible to know what facts he associated with the science of the earth's surface.
- This conception of matter, as infinitely divisible and continuous, was taught by Anaxagoras more than four centuries before the Christian era, and in the philosophy of Aristotle the same ideas are found.
- She read widely though unsystematically, studying philosophy in Aristotle, Leibnitz, Locke and Condillac, and feeding her imagination with Rene and Childe Harold.