Its merchant ships vied with those of Genoa, Venice and Ragusa, trading as far west as the North Sea and the Baltic, and as far east as Alexandria.
Grotius vied with the Latinists of his day in the composition of Latin verses.
86): " All the cities vied with one another in returning to their allegiance.
At his death, about 1328, heathen vied with Christian in honouring him.
His chief temple at Nippur was known as E-Kur, signifying "mountain house," and such was the sanctity acquired by this edifice that Babylonian and Assyrian rulers, down to the latest days, vied with one another in embellishing and restoring Bel's seat of worship, and the name itself became the designation of a temple in general.