transitive verbshrived or shrove, shriv′en or shrived, shriv′ing
- to hear the confession of and absolve
- to get absolution for oneself by confessing
Origin of shriveMiddle English shriven from Old English scrifan, akin to German schreiben, to write from early West Germanic borrowing from Classical Latin scribere, to write: see scribe
- to make one's confession
- to hear confessions
verbshrove, or shrived shriv·en, or shrived shriv·ing, shrives
- To hear the confession of and give absolution to (a penitent).
- To obtain absolution for (oneself) by confessing and doing penance.
- To make or go to confession.
- To hear confessions.
Origin of shriveMiddle English schriven from Old English scrīfan from Latin scrībere to write ; see skrībh- in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present shrives, present participle shriving, simple past shrived or shrove, past participle shrived or shriven)
From Middle English shriven, schrifen, from Old English scrÄ«fan, from late Proto-Germanic *skrÄ«banÄ…, a late borrowing from Latin scrÄ«bÅ (“write"). Compare West Frisian skriuwe (“to write"), Low German schrieven (“to write"), Dutch schrijven (“to write"), German schreiben (“to write"), Danish skrive (“to write"), Swedish skriva (“to write"), Icelandic skrifa (“to write"). More at scribe.