- in England, esp. formerly, any of various officers of a shire, or county
- ⌂ in the U.S., the chief law-enforcement officer of a county, charged in general with the keeping of the peace and the execution of court orders
Origin of sheriffMiddle English schirreve ; from Old English scirgerefa ; from scir, shire + gerefa, reeve
- A public officer in the United States with responsibility for certain law enforcement and administrative legal duties, such as making arrests and serving processes, usually for a particular county.
- A public officer in various other countries performing certain law enforcement, judicial, or ceremonial functions.
Origin of sheriffMiddle English, the representative of royal authority in a shire, from Old English sc&imacron;rger&emacron;fa : sc&imacron;r, shire + ger&emacron;fa, reeve.