- In the United States a bailiff is defined as a court officer in charge of relaying messages, helping people go where needed, and keeping general order of the courtroom. In England a bailiff is an official who collects taxes and serves legal documents.
- An example of a bailiff in the U.S. is the uniformed officer in a courtroom who escorts the defendant in and helps them be seated in the proper place.
- An example of a bailiff in England is the person hired to serve papers on a man who is behind on his taxes.
The man in the background with a tie is the bailiff.
bailiff definition by Webster's New World
- a deputy sheriff who serves processes, etc.
- a court officer who guards the jurors, maintains order in the courtroom, etc.
- in England, an administrative official of a district, with power to collect taxes, serve as a magistrate, etc.
- Chiefly Brit. an overseer or steward of an estate
Origin: Middle English bailif ; from Old French bailif ; from baillier, to govern, keep in custody: see bail
bailiff definition by American Heritage Dictionary
- A court attendant entrusted with duties such as the maintenance of order in a courtroom during a trial.
- An official who assists a British sheriff and who has the power to execute writs, processes, and arrests.
- Chiefly British An overseer of an estate; a steward.
Origin: Middle English baillif, from Old French baillis, baillif-, overseer of an estate, steward, from Medieval Latin *bāiulīvus, from Latin bāiulus, carrier.
- bailˈiff·shipˌ noun
bailiff - Legal Definition
- A court officer charged with maintaining order in the courtroom, with taking care of the judge’s and jury’s needs, and, in criminal proceedings, with the custody of the defendant.
- A sheriff’s deputy or other officer who executes writs and serves processes and warrants of arrest.
- One who oversees the administration of land, goods, and other property, including the collection of rent, for the owner.