intransitive verb-·spired′, -·spir′ing
- to breathe or carry on respiration; inhale and exhale air
- Old Poet. to breathe freely or easily again, as after exertion or anxiety
Origin of respireMiddle English respiren from Old French respirer from Classical Latin respirare from re-, back + spirare, to breathe: see spirit
verbre·spired, re·spir·ing, re·spires
- To breathe in and out; inhale and exhale: respired with difficulty.
- To carry out the metabolic process of respiration: Different parts of a plant respire at different rates.
- Archaic To regain one's spirits, as after a period of exertion or trouble.
- To inhale and exhale (air, for example); breathe.
- To use (a molecule or compound) for the metabolic process of respiration: bacteria that respire sulfur compounds.
- To keep (a person or animal) breathing by artificial means: “Becky was still being respired by the ventilator” ( Robin Cook )
Origin of respireMiddle English respiren to breathe again from Latin respīrāre re- re- spīrāre to breathe
(third-person singular simple present respires, present participle respiring, simple past and past participle respired)
From Old French respirer, from Latin respÄ«rÅ, from re- + spÄ«rÅ.