- an obligation of record entered into before a court or magistrate, binding a person to do or not do something, be in court at a certain time, etc.
- a sum of money pledged and subject to forfeit if this obligation is not fulfilled
- Archaic recognition
- Obs. a symbol, token, or badge
Origin of recognizanceMiddle English reconissance from Old French reconaissance from reconnoisant, present participle of reconoistre from Classical Latin recognoscere, to recall to mind from re-, again + cognoscere, to know: see cognition
- An obligation, entered into before a judge or magistrate, to perform a particular action, such as appearing in court, without the posting of a bond: released on his own recognizance.
- A sum of money pledged to assure the performance of such an action.
Origin of recognizanceMiddle English recognisanze from Old French recognuissance alteration ( influenced by Medieval Latin recognizāre to recognize ) of reconoissance from reconoistre reconoiss- to recognize ; see recognize .
- (law) a form of bail; a promise made by the accused to the court that he/she will attend all required judicial proceedings and will not engage in further illegal activity or other prohibited conduct as set by the court.
- The defendant was released on his own recognizance.
- A token; a symbol; a pledge.
- acknowledgment of a person or thing; avowal; profession; recognition
recognize +"Ž -ance
recognizance - Legal Definition
A bond made to a court, and recorded, of an obligation to do something, which if the person so bound fails to do will require the payment of a preset sum of money. Most often, a recognizance is in the form of a bail bond that guarantees an unimprisoned criminal defendant’s appearance for trial. See also bail, bond, and release on own recognizance.