recognizance[ri käg′ni zəns, -kän′i-]
recognizance definition by Webster's New World
- an obligation of record entered into before a court or magistrate, binding a person to do or not do something, be in court at a certain time, etc.
- a sum of money pledged and subject to forfeit if this obligation is not fulfilled
- Archaic recognition
- Obsolete a symbol, token, or badge
Origin: Middle English reconissance ; from Old French reconaissance ; from reconnoisant, present participle of reconoistre ; from Classical Latin recognoscere, to recall to mind ; from re-, again plush cognoscere, to know: see cognition
recognizance definition by American Heritage Dictionary
- Law a. An obligation of record that is entered into before a court or magistrate, containing a condition to perform a particular act, such as making a court appearance.b. A sum of money pledged to assure the performance of such an act.
- A recognition.
- Archaic A pledge; a token.
Origin: Middle English recognisanze, from Old French recognuissance, alteration (influenced by Medieval Latin recognizāre, to recognize) of reconoissance, from reconoistre, reconoiss-, to recognize; see recognize.
- re·cogˈni·zant adjective
recognizance - Legal Definition