The latter commission is presided over by the " exarch " (supra).
Until the reign of Mahommed the Conqueror the sultan presided in person; but a rough Anatolian peasant penetrating one day to the council and exclaiming, " Which of you might be the sultan?
At Paris is the central consistory, controlled by the government and presided over by the supreme grand rabbi.
The ministerial council (conseil des ministres) is presided over by the president of the republic; less formal meetings (conseils de cabinet) under the presidency of the premier, or even of some other minister, are also held.
The central office at Paris consists of a directeur gnral and two administrateurs, nominated by the president of the republic. These officials form a council of administration presided over by the minister of finance.