consistory[kən sis′tə rē]
- Obsolete a meeting place for a council or court
- the meeting of a council
- a church council or court, as the papal senate, a council of deacons, etc.
- a session of such a body
Origin of consistoryMiddle English consistorie ; from Old French ; from Classical Latin consistorium, place of assembly, council ; from consistere: see consist
- a. Roman Catholic Church An assembly of cardinals presided over by the pope for the solemn promulgation of papal acts, such as the canonization of a saint.b. A governing body of a local congregation in certain Reformed churches.c. A court appointed to regulate ecclesiastical affairs in Lutheran state churches.d. An Anglican diocesan court presided over by a bishop's chancellor or commissary.
- The meeting of a consistory.
- A council; a tribunal.
Origin of consistoryMiddle English consistorie, from Old French, from Latin cōnsistōrium, place of assembly, from cōnsistere, to stand together; see consist.
- Primarily, a place of standing or staying together; hence, any solemn assembly or council.
- The spiritual court of a diocesan bishop held before his chancellor or commissioner in his cathedral church or elsewhere.
- An assembly of prelates; a session of the college of cardinals at Rome.
- A church tribunal or governing body, especially of elders in a Reformed church.
Old Northern French consistorie (“secular tribunal”) (Old French consistoire), and Late Latin consistorium (“waiting room, meeting place of the imperial council”). Meaning "Church council" is from early 14th century.