The sea extended up the Murray basin into the western plains of New South Wales.
The plains and steppes already described lie either within or close to the tropics.
North of Bathurst, in the Macquarie plains, gold was discovered, in February 1851, by Mr E.
Oxley now turned aside - led by Mr Evans's report of the country eastward - crossed the Arbuthnot range, and traversing the Liverpool Plains, and ascending the Peel and Cockburn rivers to the Blue Mountains, gained sight of the open sea, which he reached at Port Macquarie.
Enormous flocks are possessed by professional sheep-farmers, who pasture them in the mountains in the summer, and bring them down to the plains in the winter.