Samuel's great defeat of the Philistines leads to " peace between Israel and the Amorites " (I Sam.
(2) The eldest son of Saul, who, together with his father, freed Israel from the crushing oppression of the Philistines (I Sam.
External danger from a foreign foe, such as Midian or the Philistines, at once brought into prominence the claim and power of Yahweh, Israel's national war-god since the great days of the exodus.
It was the religious expression of the unity of Israel which the life and death struggle with the Philistines had gradually wrought out.
The lifeand-death struggle between Israel and the Philistines in the reign of Saul called forth under Samuel's leadership a new order of " men of God," who were called " prophets " or divinely inspired speakers.'