orchestra[ôr′kis trə, ôr′kes′-]
- Orchestra is the place in front of the stage where musicians sit at a play, or a large group of musicians.
- An example of the orchestra is the lowered section in front of the stage where musicians play during a Broadway musical.
- An example of an orchestra is a group of musicians playing string, wind brass and percussion instruments.
- in ancient Greek theaters, the semicircular space in front of the stage, used by the chorus
- in modern theaters, the space in front of and below the stage, where the musicians sitin full orchestra pit
- the section of seats on the main floor of a theater, esp. the front section
- the main floor of a theater
- a usually large group of musicians playing together; often, specif., symphony orchestra
- the instruments of such a group
Origin of orchestraClassical Latin ; from Classical Greek orchēstra ; from orcheisthai, to dance ; from Indo-European base an unverified form ergh-, extension of base an unverified form er-, swift movement, a raising from source Sanskrit an unverified form ṛghāyati, (he) rages, German arg, bad
- Music a. A large group of musicians who play together on various instruments, usually including strings, woodwinds, brass instruments, and percussion instruments.b. The instruments played by such a group.
- The area in a theater or concert hall where the musicians sit, immediately in front of and below the stage.
- a. The front section of seats nearest the stage in a theater.b. The entire main floor of a theater.
- A semicircular space in front of the stage used by the chorus in ancient Greek theaters.
Origin of orchestraLatin orchēstra, the space in front of the stage in Greek theaters where the chorus performed, from Greek orkhēstrā, from orkheisthai, to dance.
- (music) A large group of musicians who play together on various instruments, usually including some from strings, woodwind, brass and/or percussion; the instruments played by such a group.
- A semicircular space in front of the stage used by the chorus in Ancient Greek and Hellenistic theatres.
- The area in a theatre or concert hall where the musicians sit, immediately in front of and below the stage, sometimes (also) used by other performers.
- In British English, "The orchestra are tuning up" is often used, implying the individual members. In the US, one would almost always hear "The orchestra is tuning up", implying a collective.
From Latin < Ancient Greek ὀρχήστρα (orchēstra) < ὀρχοῦμαι (orchoumai, “to dance”) (an intensification of ἔρχομαι (erkhomai, “to go, come”), from Proto-Indo-European *ergh- (“to set in motion, stir up, raise”)) + suffix *-tra denoting "place".