For hours he stood, or sat on horseback, amid the surging crowd, facing the mutinous soldiers - who had loaded their muskets and formed square - while effort after effort was made to bring them to reason, sometimes at the cost of life - as in the case of Count Miloradovich, military governor of St Petersburg, who was mortally wounded by a;pistol shot while arguing with the mutineers.
Here the famous Springfield muskets used by the Federal forces during the Civil War were manufactured (800,000 having been made during that struggle) and it is still the principal manufactory of small arms for the United States army.
At the base of the monument are muskets used by United States soldiers in that war and guns captured at Cerro Gordo.
They were hindered by murderous tribal wars in which imported muskets more than decimated the Maori.
At the outbreak of the Civil War, the state authorities seized the United States Arsenal at Fayetteville, which contained 37,000 muskets and a complete equipment for a battery of light artillery.