- the West Germanic languages, except for High German, of the Germanic branch of Indo-European, represented by Old Low Franconian, Old Saxon, Old Frisian, and Old English, and their later stages, including Dutch, Plattdeutsch, English, and Frisian
Origin of Low Germancalque of German niederdeutsch (see nether and amp; Deutschland): so named because origin, originally spoken chiefly in the German lowlands
- The German dialects of northern Germany. Also called Plattdeutsch.
- The continental West Germanic languages except High German.
Origin of Low GermanTranslation of German Niederdeutsch : nieder, low (from the lowland terrain of northern Germany) + Deutsch, German.
- A specific language, spoken in Northern Germany and the Netherlands and formerly widely spoken in Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Kaliningrad, Russia, which developed out of Middle Low German from Old Saxon.
- (linguistics) Any of a number of West Germanic languages, primarily spoken in northern Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium, that did not undergo the High German consonant shift; the group thereof.
- (nonstandard) Any German dialect that is not the official standard, although they are usually only referred to as "Platt".
- (West Germanic languages that are not High German): High German (includes numerous Upper German and Middle German/Central German dialects from which Standard High German mainly developed)