- Midwestern state of the NC U.S.: admitted 1861; 81,815 sq mi (211,900 sq km); cap. Topeka: abbrev. KS or Kans
- river in NE Kans., flowing east into the Missouri at Kansas City: c. 170 mi (274 km)
Origin of KansasFrench kansa (prob. via Illinois) ; from a Siouan name
A plural of Kansa.
Abbr. KS or Kans.
A state of the central United States. It was admitted as the 34th state in 1861. Organized as a territory by the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, it became a virtual battleground, known as Bleeding Kansas, for free and slave factions (1854–1859). Kansas was finally admitted as a free state. Topeka is the capital and Wichita the largest city.