Hong Kong at night.Licensed from iStockPhoto
- administrative region of China (since July 1, 1997), on the South China Sea: it consists of a principal island (), nearby islands, Kowloon Peninsula, and an adjacent mainland area (): a former British crown colony: c. 421 sq mi (1,090 sq km); pop. 5,674,000
- chief city of this region; seaport on Hong Kong Island: pop. c. 1,000,000
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Hong Kong - Cultural Definition
- China ceded the island of Hong Kong to Britain in the nineteenth century. Hong Kong was returned to Chinese rule in 1997, when Britain's lease expired.
- One of the world's leading commercial centers, Hong Kong is home to many international corporate offices and a world-famous tailoring industry. China has given assurances that it will maintain Hong Kong's capitalistic (see capitalism) and democratic (see democracy) institutions.