"Golconda." YourDictionary, n.d. Web. 15 October 2018. <http://www.yourdictionary.com/Golconda>.
Golconda. (n.d.). Retrieved October 15th, 2018, from http://www.yourdictionary.com/Golconda
A ruined city of south-central India west of Hyderabad. Capital of an ancient kingdom (c. 1364-1512), it was later one of the five Muslim kingdoms of the Deccan until its capture by Aurangzeb's forces in 1687. Golconda was once known for the diamonds found nearby and cut in the city.
Here he gained several victories, and in conjunction with the famous general, Mir Jumla, who had deserted from the king of Golconda, he seized and plundered the town of Hyderabad, which belonged to that monarch.
The fort is supposed to have been built by the Golconda sultans; it stands on a hill 500 ft.
The mines of Golconda and Kurnool were described as early as 1677 in the twelfth volume of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.
The following are some of the most famous diamonds of the world: - A large stone found in the Golconda mines and said to have weighed 787 carats in the rough, before being cut by a Venetian lapidary, was seen in the treasury of Aurangzeb in 1665 by Tavernier, who estimated its weight after cutting as 280 (?) carats, and described it as a rounded rose-cut-stone, tall on one side.
The Great Table, a rectangular stone seen by Tavernier in 1642 at Golconda, was found by him to weigh 242 1 - 3 6 - carats; Maskelyne regards it as identical with the Darya-i-nur, which is also a rectangular stone weighing about 186 carats in the possession of the shah of Persia.