a crystalline monosaccharide occurring naturally in fruits, honey, and blood: the commercial form, also containing dextrin and maltose, is prepared as a sweet syrup or, upon desiccation, as a white solid, by the hydrolysis of starch in the presence of dilute acids or enzymes
Origin of glucoseFrench from Classical Greek gleukos, sweet wine, sweetness, akin to glykys, sweet: see glycerin
- A monosaccharide sugar, C6H12O6, that is used by living things to obtain energy through the process of aerobic respiration within cells. It is the principal circulating sugar in the blood of humans and other mammals.
- A colorless to yellowish syrupy mixture of dextrose, maltose, and dextrins containing about 20 percent water, used in confectionery, alcoholic fermentation, tanning, and treating tobacco. Also called starch syrup .
Origin of glucoseFrench from Greek glukus sweet
French, from Ancient Greek γλεῦκος (gleukos, “must, sweet wine”) related to γλυκύς (glykys, “sweet”); note: -ose comes from glucose, not the other way round