epinephrine[ep′ə nef′rin, -rēn′]
a hormone, CHNO, secreted by the medulla of the adrenal gland, that stimulates the heart, increases blood sugar, muscular strength, and endurance, etc.; adrenaline: it is extracted from animal adrenals or prepared synthetically
Origin of epinephrineepi- + nephr(o)- + -ine
- A hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla that is released into the bloodstream in response to physical or mental stress, as from fear or injury. It initiates many bodily responses, including the stimulation of heart action and an increase in blood pressure, metabolic rate, and blood glucose concentration. Also called adrenaline.
- A white to brownish crystalline compound, C9H13NO3, isolated from the adrenal glands of certain mammals or synthesized and used in medicine as a heart stimulant, vasoconstrictor, and bronchial relaxant.
Origin of epinephrineepi– + nephr(o)– + –ine2.
From Ancient Greek ἐπί (epi, “upon”) + νεφρός (nephros, “kidney”) + -ine.