- Historical a coarse cloth of cotton and linen
- a thick cotton cloth with a short nap, as corduroy, velveteen, etc.
- pompous, pretentious talk or writing; bombast; rant
Origin of fustianMiddle English from Old French fustaigne from Medieval Latin fustaneum ( from Classical Latin fustis, wooden stick) used as translated, translation of Classical Greek xylinon from xylinos, wooden (in LXX, cotton)
- made of fustian
- pompous and pretentious
- a. A coarse sturdy cloth made of cotton and linen or flax.b. Any of several thick twilled cotton fabrics, such as corduroy, having a short nap.
- Pretentious speech or writing; pompous language.
- Made of or as if of fustian: “[He] disliked the heavy, fustian … and brocaded decor of Soviet officialdom” ( Frederick Forsyth )
- Pompous, bombastic, and ranting: “Yossarian was unmoved by the fustian charade of the burial ceremony” ( Joseph Heller )
Origin of fustianMiddle English fusten, fustian from Old French fustaigne from Medieval Latin fūstāneum, fūstiāneum ( translation of Greek xulinos made of cotton ) ( from xulon wood, cotton (cotton being so called because it comes from a woody shrub, unlike linen) )Medieval Latin fūstis wooden stick, tree trunk ( from Latin club ; see fusty. )Latin -āneum neuter of -āneus adj. suffix Noun, sense 2, and adjective, sense 2, probably from the fact that the nappy fustian of the 1500s was considered a cheap imitation of velvet, or perhaps from the use of fustian to cover cushions and pillows (that is, “padding”)
(usually uncountable, plural fustians)
- A kind of coarse twilled cotton or cotton and linen stuff.
- A class of cloth including corduroy and velveteen.
- Pompous, inflated or pretentious writing or speech.
Middle English fustian, from Old French fustaine, from Medieval Latin fustaneum, probably from Latin fustis (“club; (medieval use) tree trunk”).