His uncle was ennobled by King Louis XVI., and his father was made a count by Napoleon I.
In the Baltic provinces they constitute the ennobled landlord class, and are the tradesmen and artisans in the towns.
He was ennobled in 1802, and in 1804 the duke of Weimar, unwilling to lose him, doubled his meagre salary of 400 talers.
On love depends the " fulfilling of the law," and the sole moral value of Christian duty - that is, on love to God, in the first place, which in its fullest development must spring from Christian faith; and, secondly, love to all mankind, as the objects of divine love and sharers in the humanity ennobled by the incarnation.
He was ennobled and named a councillor of state; and from 1816 he sat in the chamber of deputies as representative of Ain.