- 1891-1974; chief justice of the U.S. (1953-69)
- 1905-89; U.S. writer & poet: 1st poet laureate of the U.S. (1986-87)
Origin of earlMiddle English erl, nobleman, count ; from Old English eorl, warrior, akin to Old Norse jarl, leader, noble
Origin of Earlsee earl
- A British nobleman next in rank above a viscount and below a marquis, corresponding to a count in continental Europe.
- Used as a title for such a nobleman.
Origin of earlMiddle English erl, nobleman of high rank, from Old English eorl.
Middle English erl, from Old English eorl, from *erlaz (compare Old Norse jarl, Old Saxon/Old High German erl), from *erōną, *arōną (compare Old Norse jara (“fight, battle”)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁er- (compare Latin orior (“to rise, get up”), Ancient Greek [script?] (órnēmi, “to urge, incite”), Avestan [script?] (ərənaoiti, “to move”), Sanskrit [script?] (ṛṇóti, “to arise, reach, move, attack”)).