- any of a family (Cardiidae) of edible, marine bivalve mollusks with two heart-shaped, radially ridged shells
- a cockleshell
- a wrinkle; pucker
Origin of cockleMiddle English cokel from Old French coquille, a blister, shell, cockle, altered (infl. by coq, cock) from Classical Latin conchylium from Classical Greek konchylion, shellfish from konch?: see conch
transitive verb-·led, -·ling
Origin of cockleFr coquiller < the n.
warm the cockles of someone's heart
Origin of cockleprob. < L cochlea, winding cavity, lit., snail: see cochlea
Origin of cockleMiddle English cokkel from Old English coccel, darnel, tares
- Any of various chiefly marine bivalve mollusks of the family Cardiidae, having rounded or heart-shaped shells with radiating ribs.
- The shell of a cockle.
- A wrinkle; a pucker.
- Nautical A cockleshell.
intr. & tr.v.cock·led, cock·ling, cock·les
Origin of cockleMiddle English cokel from Old French coquille shell from Vulgar Latin cochillia from Latin conchyllium from Greek konkhulion diminutive of konkhē mussel
Origin of cockleMiddle English cokkel from Old English coccel from Medieval Latin cocculus diminutive of Latin coccus kermes berry from Greek kokkos
- Any of various edible European bivalve mollusks, of the family Cardiidae, having heart-shaped shells.
- The shell of such a mollusk.
- (in the plural) One’s innermost feelings (only in the expression “the cockles of one’s heart”).
- (directly from French coquille) A wrinkle, pucker
- (by extension) A defect in sheepskin; firm dark nodules caused by the bites of keds on live sheep
- (mining, UK, Cornish) The mineral black tourmaline or schorl.
- (UK) The fire chamber of a furnace.
- (UK) A kiln for drying hops; an oast.
- (UK) The dome of a heating furnace.
(third-person singular simple present cockles, present participle cockling, simple past and past participle cockled)
- To cause to contract into wrinkles or ridges, as some kinds of cloth after a wetting; to pucker.
From Old French coquille, from Vulgar Latin *cocchilia, form of Latin conchylia, from Ancient Greek κογχύλιον (konkhulion), diminutive of κογχύλη (konkhulē, “mussel”), from Proto-Indo-European *konkho.