The wood in a fireplace after being reduced to cinders.
A small leftover piece of firewood that is still solid and burning without flame is an example of a cinder.
- slag, as from the reduction of metallic ores
- a rough piece of solid lava from a volcano
- any matter, as coal or wood, burned out or partly burned, but not reduced to ashes
- a minute piece of such matter
- a coal that is still burning but not flaming
- [pl.] ashes from coal or wood
Origin of cinderMiddle English and Old English sinder, dross of iron, slag from Indo-European base an unverified form sendhro-, coagulating fluid from source German sinter, dross of iron, stalactite, sintern, to trickle, coagulate, Czech ?adra, gypsum
- Rare to burn to cinders
- to cover with cinders
- a. A small piece of burned or partly burned substance, such as coal, that is not reduced to ashes but is incapable of further combustion.b. A piece of charred substance that can burn further but without flame.
- cinders Ashes.
- cinders Geology See scoria.
- Metallurgy See scoria .
- Slag from a metal furnace.
transitive verbcin·dered, cin·der·ing, cin·ders
Origin of cinderAlteration ( influenced by Old French cendre ashes ) of Middle English sinder from Old English slag, dross
(third-person singular simple present cinders, present participle cindering, simple past and past participle cindered)
- to reduce something to cinders
From Middle English cinder, sinder, from Old English sinder (“cinder, dross, slag, scoria, dross of iron, impurity of metal”), from Proto-Germanic *sindrą, *sindraz, *sendraz (“dross, cinder, slag”), from Proto-Indo-European *sendʰro- (“coagulating fluid, liquid slag, scale, cinder”). Cognate with Scots sinder (“ember, cinder”), West Frisian sindel, sintel (“cinder, slag”), Dutch sintel (“cinder, ember, slag”), Middle Low German sinder, sinter (“cinder, slag”), German Sinter (“dross of iron, scale”), Danish sinder (“spark of ignited iron, cinder”), Swedish sinder (“slag or dross from a forge”), Icelandic sindur (“scoring”), Old Church Slavonic сядра (sjadra, “lime cinder, gypsum”). Spelling (c- for s-) influenced by unrelated French cendre (“ashes”).
- A river in Alaska.