Origin of chessMiddle English ches, chesse from Old French esches, plural of eschec: see check
Origin of chessfrom uncertain or unknown; perhaps
Origin of chessMiddle English ches short for Old French esches pl. of eschec check in chess ; see check .
Origin of chessOrigin unknown
nounpl. chess, or chess·es
Origin of chessMiddle English ches tier perhaps from Old French chasse frame from Latin capsa box
(usually uncountable, plural chesses)
From Old French eschés, plural of eschec, from Vulgar Latin *scaccus, from Arabic شاه (šāh, “king in chess”), from Persian شاه (šāh, “shah, king”), from Middle Persian (šāh), from Old Persian (xšāyaθiya).
Origin uncertain; perhaps linked to Etymology 1, above, from the sense of being arranged in rows or lines.