The best known of these are cloves, pimento (allspice), myrtle, eucalyptus, caraway, fennel, dill, coriander, rosemary, lavender, peppermint, spearmint, nutmeg, cinnamon, sandal-wood, turpentine, juniper berries, valerian and sumbul.
Sousliks feed on roots, seeds and berries, and occasionally on animal food, preying on eggs, small birds and mice.
Though fruit-trees will not bear there is an abundance of edible berries; the rivers and lakes abound with trout, perch, pike and other fish, and in the lower waters with salmon; and the cod, herring, halibut and Greenland shark in the northern seas attract numerous Norwegian and Russian fishermen.
Cultivated fruits, such as apples, pears, peaches, plums, grapes and berries, are raised in large quantities for the market.
The forests contain many trees which, on account of their fruits, nuts or berries, are valuable, irrespective of the quality of their timber.