state of SW Germany: formerly (1918-33) a republic and, before that, a duchy, an electorate, & a kingdom with varying boundaries: 27,241 sq mi (70,554 sq km); pop. 10,903,000; cap. Munich
See Bavaria in American Heritage Dictionary 4
A region and former duchy of southern Germany. Conquered by the Romans in 15 B.C., the region became one of the five preeminent duchies of medieval Germany but was later overrun and ruled by numerous factions and powers.