designating or of a mutant organism requiring more nutritional substances than its prototrophic parent because it has lost the ability to make a certain enzyme
Origin of auxotrophicfrom Classical Greek auxein, to increase + -trophic
Requiring one or more specific substances for growth and metabolism that the parental organism was able to synthesize on its own. Used with respect to organisms, such as strains of bacteria, algae, or fungi, that can no longer synthesize certain growth factors because of mutational changes.
Origin of auxotrophicGreek auxein to increase ; see auxin . -trophic
(comparative more auxotrophic, superlative most auxotrophic)