## asymptotes

Noun

- plural form of
*asymptote*

- The first book deals with the generation of the three conics; the second with the
**asymptotes**, axes and diameters; the third with various metrical relations between transversals, chords, tangents,**asymptotes**, &c.; the fourth with the theory of the pole and polar, including the harmonic division of a straight line, and with systems of two conics, which he shows to intersect in not more than four points; he also investigates conics having single and double contact. - The two legs of a hyperbolic branch may belong to different
**asymptotes**, and in this case we have the forms which Newton calls inscribed, circumscribed, ambigene, &c.; or they may belong to the same asymptote, and in this case we have the serpentine form, where the branch cuts the asymptote, so as to touch it at its two extremities on opposite sides, or the conchoidal form, where it touches the asymptote on the same side. - As regards the so-called hyperbolisms, observe that (besides the single asymptote) we have in the case of those of the hyperbola two parallel
**asymptotes**; in the case of those of the ellipse the two parallel**asymptotes**become imaginary, that is, they disappear; and in the case of those of the parabola they become coincident, that is, there is here an ordinary asymptote, and a special asymptote answering to a cusp at infinity. - There are in some cases points termed centres, or singular or multiple foci (the nomenclature is unsettled), which are the intersections of improper tangents from the two circular points respectively; thus, in the circular cubic, the tangents to the curve at the two circular points respectively (or two imaginary
**asymptotes**of the curve) meet in a centre. - His discussion of curves of the third order turned mainly on the nature of their
**asymptotes**, and depended on the fact that the equation to every such curve can be put into the form pqr-hus = o.

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