- historical region of NE France
- metropolitan region of NE France: 3,196 sq mi (8,280 sq km); chief city, Strasbourg
A region and former province of eastern France between the Rhine River and the Vosges Mountains. Along with neighboring Lorraine, it was annexed by Germany in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian War and returned to France by the Treaty of Versailles (1919).
- At his father's death in 1239 Rudolph inherited the family estates in Alsace, and in 1245 he married Gertrude, daughter of Burkhard III.
- Driven from Alsace by the marauding bands of Count Mansfeld, he fled to Ingolstadt where he began to study law.
- The German populations of these lands seem in Roman times to have been scanty, and Roman subjects from the modern Alsace and Lorraine had drifted across the river eastwards.
- It remains, however, partly in force for Belgium and Alsace-Lorraine, which formed part of French territory in 1801.
- Thionville), a fortified town of Germany, in Alsace-Lorraine, dist.