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A potentially fatal disturbance in brain function that results when the normal balance of electrolytes in the body is pushed outside of safe limits by a very rapid intake of water.
My first experience with a client with water intoxication was in the early 1980s.
The US research certainly suggests that the incidence of polydipsia is high, and that self-induced water intoxication is common.
An adult whose heart, kidneys, and pituitary gland are functioning properly would have to drink more than two gallons of water a day to develop water intoxication.
Since the brain is the organ most susceptible to overhydration, a change in behavior is usually the first symptom of water intoxication.
Blood pressure is sometimes higher than normal, but elevations may not be noticed even when the degree of water intoxication is serious.
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