Sgml meaning

ĕsjē-ĕm-ĕl
A standardized markup language for describing the logical structure of a computer document.
noun
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Standard Generalized Markup Language.
abbreviation
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Short for Standard Generalized Markup Language. A standardized markup language for describing the structure and formatting of a computer document. Sections of the document are set off by embedded tags. The tags and the relationships among the groups they represent are described in a DTD (Document Type Definition). The tags do not directly specify what the display of the document will look like, so different applications can display the information differently.
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(Standard Generalized Markup Language) An ISO standard for defining the format in a text document. Widely used in the publishing industry, an SGML document uses a separate Document Type Definition (DTD) file that defines the format codes, or tags, embedded within it. Since SGML describes its own formatting, it is known as a "meta-language." SGML is a very comprehensive language that also includes hypertext links. HTML is an SGML document that uses a fixed set of tags, while XML is a simplified version of SGML. See HTML, XML and DSSSL.
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A metalanguage used to describe markup languages, such as Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). SGML can be used to describe the structure and elements of a document and the tags that will be used to display those elements in a document. SGML supports the creation of documents that are platform- and application-independent and that, therefore, retain their information formatting, indexing, and linkages. SGML is standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) as ISO 8879:1986. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is essentially a condensed version of SGML. See also XML.
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Origin of sgml

  • S(tandard) G(eneralized) M(arkup) L(anguage)

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition