Rutherford-scattering definitions

The scattering undergone by a stream of heavy charged particles fired at a sample of a heavy metal, caused by exposure to Coulomb forces in the atomic nuclei of the sample.
noun
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The scattering undergone by a stream of heavy charged particles, generally alpha particles fired at a sample of a heavy metal, caused by exposure to coulomb forces exerted by the atomic nuclei of the sample. The patterns produced by such scattering off an extremely thin sheet of gold were early evidence that atoms contain a tiny, positively charged core, what is now called the atomic nucleus .
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Origin of rutherford-scattering

After Ernest Rutherford