Rayleigh-wave meaning

A type of seismic surface wave that moves with a rolling motion, causing rock particles to vibrate in directions both perpendicular and parallel to the main direction of wave propagation. Rayleigh waves are slower than Love waves.
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Any of the undulating surface waves present in a solid having uniform properties; esp., any such wave on the earth's surface, caused by an earthquake.
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A type of seismic surface wave that moves with a rolling motion that consists of a combination of particle motion perpendicular and parallel to the main direction of wave propagation. The amplitude of this motion decreases with depth. Like primary waves, Rayleigh waves are alternatingly compressional and extensional (they cause changes in the volume of the rocks they pass through). Rayleigh waves travel slower than Love waves .
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Origin of rayleigh-wave

  • After John William Strutt, Third Baron Rayleigh
    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition