It will be seen that nearly all the colonies and protectorates lie within the tropics.
In the other colonies and protectorates more than half the trade is with foreign countries.
" The one common element in Protectorates is the prohibition of all foreign relations except those permitted by the protecting state.
The oversight of all the colonies and protectorates save Algeria and Tunisia is confided to a minister of the colonies (law of March 20, 1894)1 whose powers correspond to those exercised in France by the minister of the interior.
The colonies are divisible into two classes, (I) those possessing considerable powers of local self-government, (2) those in which the local government is autocratic. To this second class may be added the protectorates (and some colonies) where the native form of government is maintained under the supervision of French officials.