Prolog meaning

Prolog (PROgramming in LOGic) is a specialized computer programming language used for artificial intelligence systems. The Prolog language does not necessarily perform tasks. Instead, the programmer is able to compare facts with the programming language in order to verify them. Since Prolog is more of a referential language, it is generally used only for specific types of tasks.
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(PROgramming in LOGic) A programming language used for developing AI applications (natural language translation, expert systems, abstract problem solving, etc.). Developed in France in 1973, "Programmation en Logique" is used throughout Europe and Japan and has gained popularity in the U.S.Similar to LISP, it deals with symbolic representations of objects. The following example, written in University of Edinburgh Prolog, converts Fahrenheit to Celsius: convert:- write('Enter Fahrenheit'), read(Fahr), write('Celsius is '), Cent is (5 * (Fahr - 32)) / 9, write(Cent),nl.
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A speech or section used as an introduction, especially to a play or novel.
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(computing) A component of a computer program that prepares the computer to execute a routine.
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(computing) A programming language developed in the 1970s for artificial intelligence and logic programming.
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Origin of prolog

From Old French, from Latin prologus, from Ancient Greek πρόλογος (prologos)