A period when you are first hired for a job and tested to see if you can do it well is an example of probation.
When a judge sentences you to six months of being observed and having to comply with rules instead of going to jail after you are caught shoplifting, this is an example of probation.
You'll be on probation for first six months. After that, if you work out, they'll hire you permanently.
Origin of probation
- Middle English probacion a testing from Old French probation from Latin probātiō probātiōn- from probātus past participle of probāre to test prove
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition