Principal-parts meaning

The principal inflected forms of a verb, from which the other forms may be derived: in English, the principal parts are the infinitive, past tense, and past participle (Ex: drink, drank, drunk; go, went, gone): the present participle, derived from the present infinitive with the addition of -ing, is sometimes regarded as one of the principal parts.
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In traditional grammars of inflected languages, the forms of the verb that are considered basic and from which all other forms of the verb are derived.
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In English, the present infinitive ( play, eat, put ), the past tense ( played, ate, put ), the present participle ( playing, eating, putting ), and the past participle ( played, eaten, put ).
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