On some of these buildings are still seen the arms of the popes and of some of the royal and noble houses of Europe.
On various occasions the popes found asylum within its walls, and it was the meeting-place of the conclaves which elected Honorius II.
These German popes were short-lived and inefficient.
That cession, renewed after the death of Gregory to his successors, conferred upon the popes indefinite rights, of which they afterwards availed themselves in the consolidation of their temporal power.
The greatest of the popes thus breathed his last; but the new spirit he had communicated to the papacy was not destined to expire with him.