Patrol definition

pə-trōl
The act of moving about an area especially by an authorized and trained person or group, for purposes of observation, inspection, or security.
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The act of patrolling.
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One or more military vehicles, boats, ships, or aircraft assigned to guard or reconnoiter a given area.
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A division of a Boy Scout troop or Girl Scout troop consisting of between six and eight children.
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A military unit sent out on a reconnaissance or combat mission.
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A subdivision of a troop of Boy Scouts or Girl Scouts.
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A small group of soldiers sent on a mission, as for reconnaissance.
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A group of ships, airplanes, etc. used in guarding.
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(military) A going of the rounds along the chain of sentinels and between the posts, by a guard, usually consisting of three or four men, to insure greater security from attacks on the outposts.
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(military) A movement, by a small body of troops beyond the line of outposts, to explore the country and gain intelligence of the enemy's whereabouts.
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(military) The guard or men who go the rounds for observation; a detachment whose duty it is to patrol.
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Any perambulation of a particular line or district to guard it; also, the men thus guarding; as, a customs patrol; a fire patrol.
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(Scouting) A unit of a troop, typically composed of around eight boys.
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(intransitive) To go the rounds along a chain of sentinels; to traverse a police district or beat.
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To go the rounds of, as a sentry, guard, or policeman; as, to patrol a frontier; to patrol a beat.
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A person or group of persons who perform such an act.
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Patrol is defined as to regularly guard an area.

An example of patrol is for public safety staff to drive around a campus at night.

verb
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Patrol means the act of regularly guarding an area, or someone or a group who does the guarding.

An example of a patrol is a team of police officers assigned to watch a particular area.

noun
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To engage in a patrol of.
verb
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To engage in a patrol.
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To make a regular and repeated circuit of (an area, town, camp, etc.) in guarding or inspecting.
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A person or persons patrolling.
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Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
patrol
Plural:
patrols

Origin of patrol

  • French patrouille from patrouiller to patrol alteration of Old French patouiller to paddle about in mud, patrol probably from pate paw patois

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From French patrouille, from Old French patrouille, patouille (“a night-watch", literally “a tramping about"), from patrouiller, patouiller, patoiller (“to paddle or pudder in water, dabble with the feet, begrime, besmear"), from patte, pate (“paw, foot of an animal"), from Vulgar Latin *patta (“paw, foot"), from Frankish *patta (“paw, sole of the foot"), from Proto-Germanic *paþjanÄ…, *paþōnÄ… (“to walk, tread, go, step, pace"), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pent-, *(s)pat- (“path; to walk"), a variant of Proto-Indo-European *pent-, *pat- (“path; to go"); see find. Cognate with Dutch pad, patte (“paw"), Low German pedden (“to step, tread"), German patschen (“to splash, smack, dabble, waddle"), German Patsche (“a swatter, beater, paw, puddle, mire"). Related to pad, path.

    From Wiktionary

  • From French patrouiller, from Old French patrouiller (“to paddle, paw about, patrol"), from patte (“a paw")

    From Wiktionary