Origin of Parthenosfrom Classical Greek parthenos
Parthenos is defined as a virgin, generally a woman, in Greek.
An example of a parthenos is a woman who has never had sexual intercourse.
- Pheidias introduced his own portrait and that of Pericles on the shield of his Parthenos statue.
- But among the Greeks themselves the two works of Pheidias which far outshone all others, and were the basis of his fame, were the colossal figures in gold and ivory of Zeus at Olympia and of Athena Parthenos at Athens, both of which belong to about the middle of the 5th century.
- There are many stately figures in the Roman and other museums which clearly belong to the same school as the Parthenos; but they are copies of the Roman age, and not to be trusted in point of style.
- Already it had been robbed of many of its works of art, among them the Athena Promachos and the Parthenos of Pheidias, for the adornment of Constantinople, and further spoliation took place when the church of St Sophia was built in A.D.
- (1) Athena Parthenos, in the Parthenon.