Origin of ParthenonClassical Latin from Classical Greek Parthen?n from parthenos, a virgin (i.e., Athena)
the Doric temple of Athena built (5th cent. ) on the Acropolis in Athens: sculpture is attributed to Phidias
A temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, built on the acropolis at Athens between 447 and 432 BC and considered one of the finest examples of Doric architecture.
Origin of ParthenonLatin Parthenōn from Greek from parthenos virgin
- The name was subsequently applied to the cella, or eastern chamber, of the Parthenon, which is exactly ioo ft.
- It is important to observe that in resting the fame of Pheidias upon the sculptures of the Parthenon we proceed with little evidence.
- The visit of the French physician Jacques Spon and the Englishman, Sir George Wheler or Wheeler (1650-1723), fortunately took place before the catastrophe of the Parthenon in 1687; Spon's Voyage d'Italie, de Dalmatie, de Grece et du Levant, which contained the first scientific description of the ruins of Athens, appeared in 1678; Wheler's Journey into Greece, in 1682.
- But he reconciled the dignity with the loyalty of Athens by carrying a decree that Harpalus should be arrested, and that his treasure should be deposited in the Parthenon, to be held in trust for Alexander.
- Which still stand the reproduced Parthenon of Athens, the History Building, which in general outline is a reproduction of the Erectheum and contains a museum and an art gallery, and a monument to the memory of James Robertson (1742-1814), the founder of the city.