A colorless or yellowish poisonous oily liquid, C6 H5 NO2 , having the odor of almonds and used in the manufacture of aniline, insulating compounds, and polishes.
A poisonous yellow liquid, C6H5NO2, prepared by treating benzene with nitric acid, used in making aniline, as a solvent, etc.
(organic chemistry) A nitro derivative of benzene, C6H5NO2, prepared by reactingbenzene with a mixture of nitric and sulphuric acids; any of a series of such compounds having two or more nitro groups.
Other Word Forms
Nitrobenzene Sentence Examples
Potassium permanganate in neutral solution oxidizes it to nitrobenzene, in alkaline solution to azobenzene, ammonia and oxalic acid, in acid solution to aniline black.
For the nitrobenzenes see Nitrobenzene.
It is readily nitrated to nitrobenzene, two, and even three nitro groups being introduced if some dehydrator such as concentrated sulphuric acid be present.
These con-, ditions pertain in cases where distillation with steam is successfully practised, the relatively high volatility of water being counterbalanced by the relatively high molecular weight of the other component; for example, in the case of nitrobenzene and water the ratio is I to 5.