Origin of monotheismmono- + theism
An example of monotheism is the religion of Christianity.
A learned 17th-century coinage, mono- +"Ž theism, from (Î¼Î¿Î½ÏŒÏ‚ (monÃ³s, “one")) and (Î¸ÎµÏŒÏ‚ (theÃ³s, “god, deity") + -Î¹ÏƒÎ¼ÏŒÏ‚ (-ismos)) The term parallels the earlier polytheism, atheism (the simplex theism being slightly later). The earliest known use is by Henry More, ca. 1660, in explicit juxtaposition with both atheism and polytheism.
- A rigid monotheism appeared to Plotinus a miserable conception.
- The goal towards which these tendencies verged was monotheism; and though this goal was only once, and then quite ephemerally, reached, still the monotheistic idea was at most periods, so to speak, in the air.
- Monotheism henceforth was to be the belief not of philosophers only but even of the ignorant, and in Jesus Christ the union of the divine and the human was effected.
- This explanation was the more urgent because under the influence of Jewish monotheism the rule of God was accepted as an undoubted presupposition, so that the death of Jesus must be in accordance with his will.
- The goal is the vindication of Israel and of Israel's God, and the establishment of universal monotheism (ii.