The industries of the town include cotton spinning and weaving, silk spinning, the manufacture of tobacco, ropes, metal-ware, furniture, &c. The market gardens of the neighbourhood are famous, and there is a considerable shipping trade by the river and the Ludwigskanal.
There is a large brewery in the town, and extensive market gardens in the neighbourhood.
The Geestlande comprise the suburban districts encircling the city on the north and west; the Marschlande includes various islands in the Elbe and the fertile tract of land lying between the northern and southern arms of the Elbe, and with its pastures and market gardens supplying Hamburg with large quantities of country produce.
Coal, fireclay and blue and red brick clay are dug in the neighbourhood; and there are also market gardens.
The large market gardens in the suburbs grow vegetables of considerable annual value.